Thursday, August 27, 2020

WHITLAM essays

WHITLAM articles Was the Governor General option to contend that he had the protected position to excuse the Whitlam Government or was Whitlam right in contending that the guideline of mindful government ought to win? On the eleventh November 1975, the Australian Governor General, Sir John Kerr, excused the Government of Gough Whitlam and appointed Resistance Leader Malcolm Fraser as Prime Minister. The excusal and the occasions prompting it plainly exhibited the grinding between protected authority and capable government. In a winding of occasions, dependable government and the general idea of majority rule government was outrightly disregarded, and details inside the constitution mishandled, prompting the excusal of a equitably chose Prime Minister. While the Governor Generals choice was naturally permitted, it was unquestionably not the dependable or vote based Regardless of their triumph in the twofold disintegration appointment of 1974, the Labor Party gotten themselves indeed without a dominant part in the Senate, gridlocked with the Liberal/National alliance at 29 seats each, with 2 heading off to the independents.1 They got a further blow with the demise of one Labor Congressperson and the abdication of an other. In this specific circumstance, as per the Constitution, under Section 15, such opportunities were to be filled by the state from which the previous congressperson originated from by a designation from a joint sitting in the House of Parliament. Anyway in the head of mindful government what's more, majority rule government, unwritten show had built up that the easygoing opportunity ought to be filled by an individual from the equivalent ideological group, thusly keeping up the portrayal of the past political race. Both the New South Wales and Queensland governments broke with this show and the two opportunities were not filled by the Labor Partys candidates. Indeed, even at this early point the strain between writt... <!

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Web design Essay Example for Free

Website composition Essay Question 1: A value-based site permits clients to purchase, sell, and request products and enterprises while a limited time site advances and carries more clients to a site. Since PizzaHut. com has the two kinds, this makes it be a half breed site. PizzaHut. com considers clients to go on the web and purchase their item, which is food. Clients are permitted to go on the web and pick whichever food they’d like and pick their conveyance strategy. They can arrange it for get, conveyance and either store their charge card data through ‘cookie’ or pay in real money. Pizza Hut advances there online site practically everywhere. They have web advertisements that may spring up and when you visit their site they have their extraordinary advancements posted on the focal survey window. The site permits the capacity to search for an arrangement with snappy and simple requesting access. Pizza Hut additionally has numerous approaches to arrange from a Facebook and iPhone application to work area gadgets. Question 2: There are seven structure components that help make incredible online client encounters. The first is setting. Setting is a sites initially engaging look and feeling that is reflected in the destinations format and in their visual structure. It will concentrate on the company’s contributions, items, administrations, and data. It endeavors to pass on the principle client benefits gave by what the organization brings to the table. Content is the following. It is all the computerized data on the company’s site, for example, the content, pictures, sounds and conceivable video they transfer. PizzaHut. com joins both setting and substance by permitting clients to look for an arrangement rapidly and without any problem. It has the present offers legitimately on the primary page and through route fastens that incorporate the menu, areas, and sustenance realities. These are found legitimately underneath the primary substance Website customization is the manner in which the webpage can adjust itself and permits clients to customize it to their own likings. With Pizza Hut, their fundamental objective was to streamline the requesting procedure. For clients who have just utilized the site they have individual choices for them called ‘Express Checkout’ that depends on spared individual inclinations. They should simply click a catch and the food is in transit. Pizza Hut stores this data through Cookies. The association for web architecture is the system that joins it to different destinations. They are connects on the site that show up as featured words or pictures. Clients can without much of a stretch visit them by simply tapping the connection. Since Pizza hovel is associated with cell phones, work areas, and informal communities their association structure component incorporates more than joins. It gives a way to deal with make a consistent client encounters at whatever point and any place individuals need to draw in with them. At that point, comes correspondence. Correspondence is the discourse that is on the site that unfurls between the client and the site. The clients can talk straightforwardly with an agent while shopping on the site. They use site-to-client, client to-site, and two-way correspondence. Pizza Hut utilizes correspondence by consolidating it with content. It posts item advancements, advancements, and extraordinary occasions with splendid hues and striking pictures. Network is famous on the grounds that it assists with improving client experience and assemble connections. Network is the manner by which the site empowers client to-client correspondence. Pizza Hut understood that it didn't bode well for the clients or the organization to make a network on the site. Rather they went to Facebook. Clients are currently captivating in an immense gathering of individuals without disturbing their day by day schedule. The seventh structure component to help make more prominent online client encounters is trade. Business is the sites capacity to make deal exchanges for items and administrations, making them speedy and basic. Pizza Hut made the business exchanges snappy and straightforward by making a Facebook application, a marked work area gadget, telephone requesting, and an iPhone application that allows clients to assemble and present their request outwardly. Question 3: Choiceboards are web empowered frameworks that permit clients to structure their own items and administrations by responding to a couple of inquiries and browsing menus, costs, and conveyance choices and personalization is the act of producing content on the marketers’ site that is exceptionally custom-made to an individual’s explicit necessities and inclinations. Pizzahut. com permits clients to connect with their image by utilizing the correct innovation. With all the manners in which Pizza Hut brings to the table for requesting their food, each will permit clients to fabricate and present their request outwardly. At the point when I went online to see with my own eyes, Pizzahut. com permitted me to construct my own pizza. Close to my alternatives was a picture of the pizza I was building. There were arrangement of inquiry, for example, garnishes, conveyance or takeout, outside, ect. Pizzahut. com is made to rearrange the requesting procedure and has their advancements straightforwardly on the principle page.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Learn How to Write an Essay Introduction Sample

Learn How to Write an Essay Introduction SampleThese essay introduction samples are a compilation of various written words that could be used to create an essay introduction. They usually include the main idea of the essay as well as its purpose and limitations.The samples in these essays introduction samples are often used by colleges and universities to determine if students have the ability to write an essay on a specific topic. They also help determine how well students have learned a certain topic. Students will be able to determine their level of skill when the instructors give them a paper assignment that requires them to submit a write-up to the instructor.At many university students have to write an essay about a certain subject. College students are usually given several essay topics to choose from that can fit their area of study. College students will be able to select one topic that they feel is appropriate for their college or university and they can then use the sample essay introduction samples to get familiar with the topic and how to write it.The samples in these essay introduction samples are then usually forwarded to the professor who will be responsible for determining if the student has sufficient skills to complete the assignment. The student may have to repeat the assignment once before it is passed onto another instructor. If it is passed onto another instructor, the professor will make sure the student's skills are up to par before the student submits their paper.When the topic is very vague, the examples in these essay introduction samples are also used to show the students how to write a thesis statement. Some students may not be aware of what a thesis statement is and they will be able to learn about this concept through reading the sample essay introduction samples. This is a very important concept to become familiar with so that students know what to include in the thesis statement.The thesis statement is the last portion of the e ssay. This is the actual purpose of the essay and it must not be written without knowing what it is all about. Students will be able to decide on a topic that they feel could be interested in writing about after reading the examples in the essay introduction samples.The examples in these essays introduction samples are also used to show students how to write a theme statement. The theme statement is used to tie the different topics together by creating a theme for the entire assignment. Students will be able to relate the different topics of their assignment by making a statement about their topic.When you are studying for your college or university exam you will want to use some of the examples in these essay introduction samples. This will help you understand what is going on when you are writing a college paper. By following the examples you will be able to write a great academic paper.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Motivation for High School Students Essay - 1261 Words

1 Milestone3: Motivation for High School Students Sharon Robinson Walden University 2 Milestone 3: Motivation For High School Students With so many of life many failure attempts to succeed in life, we see those individuals that have dropped out of school and feel that their life now seems meaningless. Their determination or will power wasn’t strong, and they had no one to push them forward to want to be a better person or succeed in life. Some students today feel that all they have to do is just attend school just because of their parents’ wishes for them to receive a diploma. Some feel that classes are boring and frustrating and a waste of time and energy. Why do students of today feel this way?†¦show more content†¦Now how can you learn if you’re not interested? This is when the teacher should consider providing fun and games, praise, and love within the classrooms, making the classroom exciting and more interesting. Before entering the classrooms, teachers should sit and study each individual student and learn their likes and dislikes. They should know what particular student need help in what particular subject. Some students need more help in other subjects than other students. This is when teachers should consider making their lesson plans focusing on subject matters that are current and relevant to high school students, implementing cooperative learning strategies with their lesson plans while students show off their talents. If students are demonstrating what they have learned in a skit, they tend to learn more positively. When providing fun and game within the classrooms, the students are excited about attending class because they already know something very eventful is going to take place in that particular class. Not only are they learning they are having fun while doing so. They are able to act out some of their personal talents, giving others a sense of who they really are, and what some of their greater skills may be. As acknowledge in the article â€Å"How to Motivate High School Students,† â€Å"By allowing students the opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge in a way that appeals to their strengths, you’re giving them a chanceShow MoreRelatedCase Study : Motivation Influences Retention Rates Of Low Income High School Students Essay1476 Words   |  6 PagesCase Study: Motivation Influences Retention Rates of Low-Income High School Students Introduction While high school student dropout rates in general are declining, dropout rates for low-income students are still four and a half times greater than those of higher income students (Stark, 2015). This is important because, according to Bridgeland, Dilulio and Morrison (2006), â€Å"Dropouts are much more likely than their peers who graduate to be unemployed, living in poverty, receiving public assistanceRead MoreGoals Of An Educational Environment Essay1483 Words   |  6 Pageseducational environment is to motivate students toward environmentally friendly behavior change. The need for student motivation in the high school setting is attributed to the fact that motivation creates positive experience, which helps in improving learning outcomes. Actually, students with positive experiences usually report better attitudes and increasingly positive expectations in their learning process. Through effective motivation of students, teachers and school administrators can close the gapRe ad MoreMotivation Of An Ideal Learning Environment1092 Words   |  5 PagesMotivation in Learning Most critics of today’s educational system blame the teachers and the schools for the lack of student engagement. They rarely implicate the students to assign blame. Could it be that learners today lack intrinsic motivation, something quite catastrophic? Motivation is a reason one has a general desire to do something. An ideal learning environment would consist on having students learning for a price, learning with a passion. Motivation is when someone, a youth, wantsRead MoreHigh School Vs. College902 Words   |  4 Pagesamount of students that do not make it to the highest level possible. High school and college are the two main groups that can make or break a person’s education. Between high school and college, there are different requirements and goals needed to succeed. As a student, self-motivation, the value of education, and the responsibilities students must uphold fluctuate among high school and college. For a student partaking in high school classes’ self-motivation can differ from a student attending collegeRead MoreHigh School Vs. College908 Words   |  4 Pagesamount of students that do not make it to the highest level possible. High school and college are the two main groups that can make or break a person’s education. Between high school and college, there are different requirements and goals needed to succeed. As a student, self-motivation, the value of education, and the responsibilities students must uphold fluctuate among high school and college. For a student partaking in high school classes’ self-motivation can differ from a student attending collegeRead MoreMotivation Affects Many Different Areas For Students1075 Words   |  5 PagesMotivation affects many different areas for students in education. Areas include how the student feels about school, teacher relationships, testing performance, and time and effort spent on academics. Without motivation, academic engagement is almost impossible to achieve. However, research has shown that highly motivated students perform better academically, have a better self-esteem, and tend to complete high school. As a student progresses through school, motivation tends to decline. AccordingRead MoreSurvival Of The Fittest : Winston Churchill1649 Words   |  7 Pagescounts.† For most students fresh out of high school, college may seem strenuous and intimidating, but by looking at it from different perspectives, it can also be one of the best learning experiences in l ife. By students realizing the differences between high school and college, managing their time, and staying motivated, they can be successful and prevent the worst case scenario of dropping out. Surviving college is not an easy task, but in the long run it will benefit students and affect their futuresRead More What Causes Teenagers to Lose Motivation in School? Essay1731 Words   |  7 PagesWhat Causes Teenagers to Lose Motivation in School? missing works cited Some reasons for high school student academic failure, which range from drug use to individual student insecurity, can be plainly traced to the nature of adolescence. Social acceptance and a desire to belong to a crowd are placed above academics in the minds of teens. When academic underachievement is the norm, devoted students may come under ridicule as being nerds or teachers pets. There is a difficulty, thereforeRead MoreCollege Students Drop Out Of School971 Words   |  4 PagesCollege Students Drop Out of School Thousand of students from high school attend to college every year. Most of them come from the different areas in the country and go to the college for the different reasons. College is a new environment with high school students to find out what they are going to do in the future. However, there are many cause make students drop out halfway through one’s course in school. The most common reason of students is stress or including the studious students, the averageRead MoreFactors Affecting Academic Performance1080 Words   |  5 PagesPOSITIVE FACTOR THAT MOTIVATES THE HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF DOMINICAN COLLEGE SANTA ROSA TO PARTICIPATE IN CLASS DISCUSSION SCHOOL YEAR 2010-2011 CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUD Student motivation refers to a students interest, desire and need to participate in and be successful in the learning process. Many teachers find the biggest challenge is not teaching but keeping their students constantly motivated to forge ahead because students can be easily distracted and lose

Friday, May 15, 2020

Dishonesty in Business ENvironments - 2785 Words

Cheats, bribery, scam, swindle and lies are always part of the business environment. These acts of dishonesty and deception are lurking in the business world for their prey. As Smith proposed, â€Å"Deception would appear to be the norm rather than the exception in business† (Smith 19). Although deception is common in the corporate world, there are always outbursts of trauma and disturbance every time the business history observes the occurrence of major fraud, failures and other illegal acts. Enron Corporation, dubbed the most innovative company in corporate America from years 1999 to 2005 by Fortune, was not spared from the epidemic of dishonesty. The question is: what causes or influences people and society to commit and indulge in such deeds of wickedness and bitterness in the corporate world? Are they motivated by greed, temptation, lust, pleasure, financial gain, survival or just sheer joy of entertainment? For those who were caught in the act and brought to justice and put behind bars, were their actions and deeds of dishonesty justifiable in the eyes of the public? If no, were their punishment and jail time sentenced or meted out by the judicial system reasonable or warrantable according to the crime committed? There are many crucial factors and forces at work which we need to consider and ponder circumspectly as major disparagement like Enron was much more complicated than it may seem on surface. There were many grey areas and not so straight forward as black and white.Show MoreRelatedpest analysis of uk retail banks1128 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿ Strategic Management Module Handbook Instructor: Adil Tahir Paracha Faculty of Business Administration Department of Management INTRODUCTION This course will introduce students To develop a framework of analysis to enable students to identify central issues and problem in complex, comprehensive case; To suggest alternative course of action; and present well supported recommendations for future action To develop conceptual skills so that studentsRead MoreThe, Ethics, And Today s Corporate Values922 Words   |  4 Pagesthe outcome. So how can employers reduce these acts of dishonesty in the workplace and prevent any of these punishable outcomes from occurring? Preventing lying, cheating, and stealing in the workforce can be difficult to manage but there are multiple steps employers can take to help prevent situations like these from arising in the workplace. Employers can enforce a code of ethics and many other policies that restrict the use of dishonesty. According to the article Employees Cheating Time†¦ ButRead More Process Essay - How to Reduce Plagiarism and Cheating706 Words   |  3 Pagesis another way. The first and most important line of defense against academic dishonesty is simply good teaching. Cheating and plagiarism often arise in a vacuum created by routine, lack of interest and overwork. Professors who give the same assignment every semester, fail to guide students in the development of their projects and have little interest in what the students have to say contribute to the academic environment in which much cheating and plagiarism occurs. Consider, by way of contrastRead MoreTechnologys Impact On Learning1028 Words   |  4 Pageson ways in which students can become More connected to school environment, therefore reduction in dishonesty. Chiesl, N. (2007, Fall). Pragmatic Methods to Reduce Dishonesty in Web-Based Courses. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 8(3), 203-211. Retrieved from http://www.EBSCOhost. Peer reviewed article explaining methods of assessment that lend themselves better to preventing cheating in distance educational environments. Decoo, W. (2002). Crisis on Campus: Confronting Academic MisconductRead MoreAcademic Ethics And Academic Integrity Essay1276 Words   |  6 Pagestheir job appropriately, regardless of the situation, in a professional and ethical manner at all times. Professional integrity requires each person to give others credit for their work, treat others with respect, perform all job functions, not use business resources for personal use without authorization, and maintain confidentiality (University of Maryland, 2009). Maintaining professional integrity is critical for the organization to maintain an honest reputation and be successful. Kaplan UniversityRead MoreEthical Issues of the Enron Scandal: A Potential Solution948 Words   |  4 PagesEthical Issues of the Enron Scandal: A potential solution Enrons entire scandal was based on a foundation of lies characterized by the most brazen and most unethical accounting and business practices that will forever have a place in the hall of scandals that have shamed American history. To the outside, Enron looked like a well run, innovative company. This was largely a result of self-created businesses or ventures that were made off the balance sheet. These side businesses would sell stockRead MoreStudent Perceptions Of Cheating At Online1685 Words   |  7 Pagessome extent. The core difference in today’s environment is the wide proliferation of technological devices that are used for both delivering as well as accessing information on university courses. Educators are fast becoming concerned on the impact that technology has on the numerous forms of academic dishonesty. Indeed a number of sources have argued that the internet is fast becoming a major culprit for the increasing instances of academic dishonesty. This paper ther efore strives to examine whatRead MoreCai Yangbin Froggen 988215 Ge2021 W08 Dr. Braxton 2017/3/131470 Words   |  6 PagesThe summary of â€Å"An Economic Analysis of Academic Dishonesty and Its Deterrence in Higher Education† This document mainly discusses the issues of academic integrity. It makes a detailed analysis on the academic integrity problems now in American universities that are summarized. Why so many students choose to cheat? What kind of students are enrolled in academic dishonesty? (almost all). The relationship between market supply and academic dishonesty. Suggestions and measures relevant institutions takeRead MorePlagiarism And The Reasons College Students1618 Words   |  7 Pagesis reduced by nearly 65 %( Pino). With these ideas in mind, it is abhorrently apparent the universities should have stricter policies against cheating and plagiarism to promote academic honesty, encourage morale amongst students and provide an environment that enables hard wo rking students to excel while allowing students to use the resources provided to them by past sources to inspire new works. Why do students cheat? The reasons that students cheat are too many to count and are often very complexRead MoreChallenges Facing the Accounting Profession Today700 Words   |  3 Pagesskills are needed, and where the aspirations of accountants are becoming much more ambitious, particularly in emerging economies. (ACCA, 2010) In addition, confirmed in the report is the fact that more regulation and an increasingly complex business environment are changing accountants roles and skills making their work much more technically demanding ¦ (ACCA, 2010) Compounded the challenges associated with these changes are a number of issues from perceived deficiencies in the softer skills held

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Is Obesity A Growing Problem Essay - 1319 Words

More than 80 percent of adolescents do not get enough aerobic physical activity to meet the guidelines for youth (Physical Activity, 2014). When adolescents do not get the proper amount of physical activity needed to keep them healthy it puts them at risk for; a decrease in bone health, cardiorespiratory and muscle health, an increase in body fat, and possible depression. Obesity is a growing problem in America not only with adults but also with school aged children. The percentage of children aged 6–11 years in the United States who were obese increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 18% in 2012. Similarly, the percentage of adolescents aged 12–19 years who were obese increased from 5% to nearly 21% over the same period (Childhood Obesity Facts, 2015). Being physically active can also help youth improve their concentration, memory and classroom behavior. Elementary school girls who participated in more physical education had better math and reading test scores than gi rls who had less time in physical education (Youth Physical Activity: The Role of Schools, 2016). Among 9–13 year olds, only 39% said they participated in organized physical activity (Youth Physical Activity: The Role of Schools, 2016). Things that the schools could implement in order to increase the percentage of activity are to have a recess every day, have a physical education program, take physical activity breaks in between teachings and have intramural and sports teams for kids to participate.Show MoreRelatedObesity : A Growing Problem959 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction Today in the United States, obesity is a growing problem. One-third of adults in the United States are obese which is about 78.6 million people (â€Å"Adult Obesity Facts† 1). The number of adults that are obese has quadrupled in the last thirty years. Childhood obesity has doubled in the last thirty years. In 1980, seven percent of children between the ages of six and eleven were obese. In 2012, eighteen percent of children in that same age group were obese. In 1980, five percent of teensRead MoreObesity : A Growing Problem918 Words   |  4 PagesObesity is a growing problem in the United States, especially with children and adolescents. Since 1980 obesity rates have more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents. In 2012 more than one third of children in the United States were either overweight or obese. With obesity rates in children and adolescents continuing to grow, we need to educate ourselves to help lead a healthier lifestyle for our children. There a re many things that can cause obesity from health problems to poorRead MoreObesity : A Growing Problem1352 Words   |  6 Pagesdeveloped countries, especially in the United Kingdom, obesity is a growing problem and causes serious morbidity in western countries. The appearance of obesity is affecting the general public. The connection to be overweight or obesity is because of the body absorb calories more than the necessary. Western-style diet, lack of outdoors activities, emotions and genetics are the main reasons leading to people who suffer the obesity. The number of obesity continues to rise as a signal, conduce the publicRead MoreObesity : A Growing Problem848 Words   |  4 PagesObesity related illnesses contribute to over 300,000 deaths per year in the U.S. We are a nation of overfed under nourished people with obesity becoming a pandemic. Obesity was once thought to be exclusively a social problem; it is now classified as a medical problem. It is a multibillion dollar ind ustry. Losing weight is not just as simple as exercising more and eating less, as our society has grown more complex the obesity rate has risen. Obesity is a growing problem in the U.S. today caused primarilyRead MoreObesity : A Growing Problem1658 Words   |  7 PagesRunning head: ​​ ​​​​​ Obesity ​​​​​ JoAnne DuBois ​​​​ Pima Medical Institute Abstract Obesity continues to be a growing problem in the U.S. with diet and lifestyle as two major contributors. Americans are becoming less active and eating more unhealthy foods that are easily accessible. Diet and lifestyle seems to be the more obvious causes for obesity, but there are many different factors that play a role in the continuingRead MoreObesity : A Growing Problem1780 Words   |  8 Pageschanges cause many problems in health care. With more technology and quicker access to things, health problems in general seem unattainable at times. Many parents are working more days and longer hours at work, leaving many children at home to feed themselves. As a result, many children and adolescents are eating at fast food places for various reasons: eating at a fast food place has cheap, quick access, and takes no waiting time. Through the years studies have shown an increase in obesity throughout theRead MoreObesity : A Growing Problem4014 Words   |  17 PagesIntroduction: 1 Obesity is a chronic, widespread disease that is affecting more children, adolescents and adults than ever before. In America, obesity rates in children have doubled and tripled in adolescents since 1980 and additionally, 15 percent of children between 6 and 19 are overweight and more than 60 percent of adults are overweight are obese. Additionally, the prevalence of a BMI greater than or equal to 40 had quadrupled from 1986 and 2000 and clinically severe obesity is become prevalentRead MoreObesity : A Growing Problem2076 Words   |  9 PagesObesity has become an immense problem in today’s society and, like the average American, has been growing larger and larger in recent years with showing no signs of slimming down. Although our society defines being obese as having any extra weight in even the slightest of capacities, the definition is a condition characterized by the excessive accumulation and storage of fat in the body. Because obesity is such a big issue in America, on e might want to know how we could let it get this bad, but whoRead MoreObesity: A Growing Problem796 Words   |  3 PagesOverweight and obese children are a significant problem in the United States today. The amount of overweight adolescents and younger children have sky rocketed, and has more than tripled since the 1970s. Developing overweight habits while young inhibits an individual’s chances of being healthy later in life. In order to prevent the obesity epidemic in our country, the major causes and root problems of obesity must be explored and put to an end. Obviously, overeating and a lacking of physical activityRead MoreChildhood Obesity: A Growing Problem795 Words   |  3 PagesChildhood obesity is a growing problem that needs to be resolved. Many people may say it is the Child’s fault, he is weak willed. This is just a common misconception; there are hundreds of different reasons for childhood obesity. I will just be scratching the surface of this paper. By the same token childhood obesity is a growing problem that needs to be resolved. We can achieve this by understanding some common misconceptions, understanding health problems, and understanding fitness. Therefore

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Film Critique The Insider Essay Example For Students

Film Critique The Insider Essay Unbeknownst to his family yet â€Å"former† Vice President of Research and Development for Brown and Williamson Tobacco Company, Jeffrey Wigand, is approached to decipher some documents for a story on fire safety and hazards, as it pertains to tobacco products, for the TV show 60 Minutes. After meeting with producer Lowell Bergman, Wigand seemingly, unintentionally hints that he may have a bigger story to tell than the original story being pursued. Sometime later, after much deliberation, persuasion from Bergman, and violent insinuations by his previous employers Wigand decides to tell his story in the form of an interview with 60 Minutes although breaking legal agreements, putting his family at risk and possibly incriminating himself. Although not aired at first due to a sudden yet temporary lack of integrity in â€Å"real news† by CBS News’ corporate offices, Wigand’s story gets published by the Wall Street Journal and eventually aired on CBS’ 60 Minutes and the truth is finally exposed. This film has several characters and events that portray or exemplify various styles of leadership throughout the film specifically authoritative leadership, affiliative leadership, democratic leadership, coaching leadership and trait leadership, the film also had multiple examples of power and authority including reward power, coercive power, legitimate power, legal rational authority as well as charismatic authority. In the beginning of Lowell Bergman’s investigation and interest with Dr. Wigand he exemplifies the traits of an authoritative leader 1, asking Wigand what he thought would be the right thing to do, basically follow your heart and when you do the right thing you can and will change the world. Serving as a voice of positivity and ensuring that change and progression would come about if he were to break his legal agreement with Brown and Williamson in order to do the right thing. As the film progresses and nears completion Dr. Wigand shows some traits of an authoritative leader when in the classroom with his students, as he is teaching all of the students look engaged and attentive to what he has to say and he looks happy, excited and proud of himself. Many characters fit the definition and description of an affiliative leader 2, the most obvious being Bergman. He constantly stated throughout the film from start to finish â€Å"I stand by my word† and his reasons were because he wanted to gain the trust of those he needed but also because he cared, not only about getting his story but about the people around him, their feelings, their opinion of him as a person, and their well-being. Bergman uses the trust gained through his friendship with a journalist from the Wall Street Journal to get a smear story on Wigand delayed but also gets Wigand’s story published in the paper. Another example of an affiliative leader would be Dr. Wigand although often not seen or portrayed as the leader figure he too cared about others and their needs but he was more so concerned with the youth. His children for example but also the fact that he pursued and obtained the occupation of a school teacher and was later named Teacher of the Year for the entire state of Kentucky. Democratic Leadership 3 was portrayed by Bergman’s colleagues when they all went against him even his â€Å"partner in crime,† Wallace, because they thought it would be smarter and safer for them to work on an edited version of Bergman’s show without the interview from Wigand although Bergman was totally against it. It was also displayed by Bergman and the attorneys from Mississippi when they deliberated and decided it would be in Wigand’s best interest to testify in Mississippi although he would later get hit with a gag order from the state of Kentucky. Wigand displays the character traits of a coaching leader 4 very well, he always explains what is going on to his daughters in terms they can understand but never condescending and never too simple. .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3 , .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3 .postImageUrl , .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3 , .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3:hover , .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3:visited , .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3:active { border:0!important; } .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3:active , .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3 .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u97a18b3b45a05f62c54da1d5c7b261b3:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Harold and Maude - Film Analysis EssayFor example, when his youngest daughter is having an asthma attack in the beginning and as he is giving her the breathing machine he is explaining what is happening and why exactly it is happening and how the medicine was making her better so that she would know and be prepared for the future. He also displays this trait just by being in the teaching profession and sharing his knowledge with the students so that they may have the skills to succeed not only in school but in life after school. The final leadership trait displayed in the film was trait leadership5. Although quite vague it is indeed mentioned during the scene in which Wigand and Bergman are meeting at the Japanese restaurant and Wigand asks Bergman if he became a journalist because his dad was a successful journalist but Bergman sternly and quickly refutes this accusation stating the fact that his dad left his mom when he was five years old making his dad less than favorable. One of the most prominent powers exemplified within the film was reward power 1, and it was used by both Wigand’s â€Å"ally† as well as his â€Å"enemy†. Bergman , Wigand’s ally, tells him that he’ll get $12,000 dollars if he just deciphers the anonymous documents but later goes on to offer him the satisfaction of changing the world with his story. Then his enemy on the other hand, Brown and Williamson Tobacco Company, offers him health benefits and medical coverage for his family knowing his daughter has asthma and he needs it in return for him not telling his story to Bergman and doing the interview for 60 Minutes. Coercive Power 2 is used in the same token or respect as reward power was, Brown and Williamson instead of offering the health benefits decide that if Wigand doesn’t agree to sign an addition to his confidentiality agreement essentially preventing him from speaking about nothing he researched at BW, whereas his original agreement just stated that some things were off limits or confidential, they would terminate his family’s health coverage. The last prevalent power exemplified in the film was legitimate power 3and it comes from Bergman throughout the film in its entirety, he always uses influential tactics, words, and actions to get others in the film to do what he wants or needs despite what they want to do for example, he gets Jeffrey to go against his belief of honoring agreements as a businessman, he gets the legal team in Mississippi to accept Jeffrey’s case, he gets the FBI to investigate its own agents, he gets his friends at the Wall Street Journal to print a story about the corruption of CBS and the truth about the tobacco companies, and last but not least he gets Jeffrey’s interview on 60 Minutes. Another example of legitimate power is when CBS corporate influences Lowell’s boss as well as colleagues to go against airing Wigand’s interview. The Legal Rational Authority 4 was the confidentiality agreement Wigand had with Brown and Williamson, stating that he would not disclose any research or findings accumulated while at their company, hindering him from interviewing for Bergman, testifying against BW in court, and living a normal life with his family because of all the threats and intruders. Last Charismatic Authority 5 is portrayed by the two main characters of the story Lowell Bergman and Jeffrey Wigand, Bergman displayed his charisma by appealing to everyone’s emotions and being likeable even when they didn’t want to hear what he had to say or wanted to air. For example, when he came to a pissed off Wigand’s house and assured him that he would never hang him out to dry and even though Wigand was mad at him he still listened to what Bergman had to say. .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498 , .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498 .postImageUrl , .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498 , .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498:hover , .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498:visited , .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498:active { border:0!important; } .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498:active , .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498 .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uca479d3b069a72ffd14583ef4f063498:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Classical Hollywood Narrative - Do the Right Thing EssayWigand on the other hand although charismatic as well, his charisma only showed during his interview on 60 Minutes when he was holding back tears, taking dramatic pauses and telling the truth and whenever he was with his daughters or his family. This true story was written to tell the trials, pain and heartache one man had to endure to tell his story that would change the world and show exactly how the man who helped him do it, did just that. This film depicts the biggest as well as the first lawsuit filed and won against major tobacco corporations and the persons responsible for getting the message out to the public. From this film I’ve learned that although leadership is praised and rewarded it takes time, effort and patience before the perks of knowing what you did was right and getting credit for doing so come along. This film was very interesting because it showed me a side of the law as well as corporate operations that I didn’t know existed and how it worked exactly and shows that the events that took place as well as the people involved are significant in the study of leadership because those who rose above the negativity to publish the truth and serve justice to those that deserved it did so not by following the thoughts and beliefs of others but rather by standing for what they believed was fair and right not only morally but legally. This film definitely depicted this event as well as the persons involved realistically because the extra things that serve a purpose but aren’t major were covered all while not taking away from the big picture or main issue at hand. Bibliography: The Insider. Dir. Michael Mann. Prod. Michael Mann. By Michael Mann. Perf. Al Pacino and Christopher Plummer. 1999. DVD.